CASE 3. Merck and River Blindness. Merck & Co., Inc. is one of the world’s largest pharmaceutical products and services companies. Headquartered in Whitehouse Station, New Jersey, Merck has over 70,000 employees and sells products and services in approximately 150 countries. Merck was the first company to come out with a drug that actually worked deworming animals. Interesting really though, one of their researchers said, "Now, wait a minute. If this drug works for deworming animals, I think it will work for a disease called River Blindess." Well, what is River Blindness? Nobody at Merck had any idea. MERCK HELPS VANQUISH RIVER BLINDNESS. By: Patti Strand Date: 01/27/2012. In 1987, Merck & Company began a plan to donate its drug Mectizan to tropical nations suffering from river blindness, a debilitating parasite-borne disease that can infect millions of people annually. Read this essay on Merck-River Blindness. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at ". 01/10/2015 · Ethics and River Blindness Nylia Zamora. Loading. Unsubscribe from Nylia Zamora?. Merck in Canada / Merck au Canada 2,830 views. 6:02. Justice:. Treating River Blindness and Other Neglected Tropical Diseases.
Case: Merck and River Blindness. Headquartered in New Jersey, Merck & Co. is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world. In 1978, Merck was about to lose patent protection on its two best-selling prescription drugs. Merck had built a research team dedicated to alleviating human suffering. What would a refusal to pursue a possible treatment for river blindness do to morale? Ultimately, it was Dr. Vagelos who had to make the decision whether or not to fund research toward a treatment for river blindness. River blindness is spread by the bite of infected flies that breed near fast-flowing rivers. The disease’s connection to rivers gave rise to the term ‘river blindness’, which was coined by Lady Jean Wilson, wife of Sightsavers’ founder Sir John Wilson. It is one of a group of conditions known as neglected tropical diseases NTDs.
MERCK AND RIVER BLINDNESS Headquartered in New Jersey, Merck & Co. is one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world. In 1978, Merck was about to lose patent protection on its two best-selling prescription drugs. These medications had provided a significant part of Merck. Mectizan – anti-parasitic, oral medication that treats and eradicates river blindness. River Blindness ia pandemic in equatorial regions of the world, significant jungle environments, affecting the most poor population in the world. It causes blindness and suffering to children through adults. River Blindness. In the mid-1980s, Merck & Co. discovered the drug ivermectin, capable of combatting the parasite that causes river blindness. At the time, the World Health Organization and the World Bank were conducting a campaign against the vector-borne disease in West Africa, and ivermectin was the most important drug in their arsenal.
Merck & Co. traces its origins to Jacob Friedrich Merck, who purchased a drug store in Darmstadt, Germany, in 1668, and also to Emanuel Merck, who took over the store several generations later in 1816. Emanuel and his successors gradually built up a chemical-pharmaceutical. 21/10/1987 · Merck chairman, Raymond V Gilmartin, has since reaffirmed the company's commitment to donate ‘as much Mectizan as necessary, for as long as necessary, to treat river blindness and to help bring the disease under control as a public health problem’.
Merck and river blindness are a good example for Utilitarianism theory because the results brought happiness for both the company and the people. Utilitarianism is an ethical framework that focuses on the outcomes or results of actions. In fact, its name comes from the Greek word Telos, which means “end. ” The two most influential . Merck realized that Merck’s new drug for de-worming animals from parasites could also help fighting against river blindness, which is a disease that has hit places of most poverty. River blindness is a skin disease, which is transmitted by the bite of blackflies. This parasite can migrate into the eye and cause blindness. Onchocerciasis äŋ-kō-sər-ˈkī-ə-səs, also known as river blindness, is a parasitic disease endemic in Africa, Latin America, and Yemen. The disease has been eliminated in four countries in the Americas: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Mexico. The last remaining. It would be unreasonable to assume that they will operate at a complete loss for this donation. My personal reaction to having to contribute towards or pay for some part of the drug would be feeling as if I am doing my part in the eradication of river blindness by using Merck drugs. SHARING How Merck and the WHO have sustained a fragile balance of power in their battle against river blindness B RENDA COLATRELLA, an executive of the multinational pharma- ceutical giant Merck & Co., remembers being stunned at a meeting back in 1996 by a proposal made by a colleague at the World Health Organization WHO.
29/09/2014 · For 27 years, the pharmaceutical company has donated drugs to treat river blindness in one of the most successful public-private partnerships in global health. In return, Merck gains good publicity and a tax break. C. Merck & River Blindness Essay. Merck and Co. and river blindness MANUEL VELASQUEZ, Business Ethics. Concepts and cases 4th edt., Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 1998 River blindness is an agonizing disease that affects some 18 million impoverished people living in remote villages along the banks of rivers in tropical regions. In the late 1970s Merck research scientists discovered a potential cure for a severely debilitating human disease known as river blindness onchocerciasis. The disease is caused by a parasite that enters the body through the bite of black flies that breed on the rivers of Africa and Latin America. Business Ethics; Module 1: Why does business need ethics? Case: The Ford Pinto; The Ford Pinto and the Dominant View; Reading: Friedman – The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits. The Mectizan Donation Program is an international program to eliminate river blindness and lymphatic filariasis LF, primarily funded by Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, N.J., U.S.A., with additional support from GSK. For LF, Mectizan is co-administered with albendazole, which is donated by GSK. Merck is known as MSD outside the USA and Canada.
In the face of these worsening conditions in the drug industry, Merck managers were reluctant to undertake expensive projects that showed little economic promise, such as the suggested development of a drug for river blindness. Yet without the drug, millions would be condemned to lives of intense suffering, and partial or total blindness. River blindness is easily controlled with one annual or bi-annual dose of ivermectin, a drug manufactured and donated by Merck & Co. Mectizan®. Mectizan® kills the parasite's larvae in the human body, preventing river blindness and transmission of the disease to others. 14/11/2011 · Merck and Co., River Blindness Ethical Case Analysis Lennard de Jong Excelsior College Author Note This paper was prepared for Business Ethics, Ethical Case Analysis, taught by Dr. Moser. Introduction and Situational Analysis The ethical dilemma in Merck and River Blindness. River blindness is caused by Onchocerca volvulus, filarial nematode worms that are transmitted by the bite of an infected blackfly. Around 198 million people live in regions at risk of river blindness, as of 2016.1 People are infected by repeated exposure to blackflies, which breed in fast-moving rivers. Best essay writers Dissertations, proposal writing, thesis, research papers, proposal writing, academic research, best custom writers.
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